There is a well-established link between childhood adversity and criminalisation. Many young adult offenders have grown up in disadvantaged communities, been exposed to chaotic home lives, or may have experienced poor schooling and made an early exit from the education system with few qualifications and little prospect of work.

25% of young adults are not engaged in employment, training or education.

They then find themselves surrounded by their peers with similar frustrations as they are pushed out to the margins of society. Yet they want to belong to a community, they want to have a sense of identity, to have friendship, to have status, to have money, so they are drawn into local groups and street gangs and the dangerous world of drug dealing and county lines, before finding themselves in the ‘clearing house’ of the criminal justice system.


Reoffending costs the tax payer £15 billion a year. 

The majority of young adults trapped in crime want to change, they want to live crime free and they are also the most likely age group to stop offending as they mature.

The AP Foundation’s 5-step Pathway offers young adult offenders a unique and innovative way out from their life of crime.